South Africa is Africa’s second largest economy. The diverse and multicultural country is appropriately nicknamed the ‘rainbow nation’, and its young yet vibrant democracy is safeguarded by one of the world’s most progressive constitutions. Reflective of South Africa’s strong performance in international indices, the World Bank classifies South Africa as an upper–middle–income country.
Johannesburg is South Africa’s largest and fastest growing city; its greater metropolitan area houses over seven million people. The alternative Zulu name for the city, eGoli (meaning ‘city of gold’), evokes Johannesburg's origin as a mining town in the late nineteenth century. Today, it is still the capital of South African mining and commerce and home to the headquarters of the country's mining companies and major financial institutions. It also houses the headquarters of a variety of multinational corporations and is the transportation hub of southern Africa.
Johannesburg is a city defined by its apartheid history; remnants of the old regime are visible in every corner, and a vivid culture of remembrance ensures that the lessons of the past are not forgotten.